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Toll in Routing

Availability of toll data

Generally, toll data is available for most countries in Europe, the United States of America, Australia and New Zealand listed on the Map Data page. The exact occurrences on road level can be viewed on the Toll Map page.

In order to determine programmatically if toll data are available for a country or a state, please refer to the method getMapInformation in the Data API and its concept page.

How is the toll price determined?

The toll price depends on the vehicle. Within the vehicle object there are many parameters that may influence toll costs. All of them are annotated by the tag "Relevant for toll", for example the totalPermittedWeight or numberOfAxles. Which parameters are used in the actual price calculation depends on the vehicle concept of the toll operator and how this can be mapped to our vehicle parameters. 

Note: Toll prices do not include VAT.

Basic definitions

Toll system

A toll system groups sections according to common properties such as all sections of a certain operator or all sections that use the same tariff system.

Toll section

A toll section represents a part of the route for which toll has to be paid. The length of a section is defined by the operator. Its price is usually captured in the domestic currency and sometimes can vary throughout the day or year. Consider the concept on Traffic Modes for more information. 
Another reason for different prices of the same section can be the payment method, especially when the toll operators offer a subscription. There is a dedicated concept page for Electronic Toll Collection.

Toll event

Toll events show where on the route a toll road is joined or left. This is signaled with a pair of events as ENTER and EXIT events are linked to each other. The part of the route between such a pair of events can consist of one or more toll sections. Toll events are only returned when the vehicle actually has to pay toll. Important: The coordinate of the event does not imply that a toll booth or toll road sign is present.

Toll data updates

Our toll data is updated frequently without further notice. The attributes tariffVersion and tariffVersionValidFrom of the toll system give more information.

Toll forecasts

Our toll data may contain data about upcoming price changes. Check the toll data page in which countries this might be case. With the parameter options[tollTime] set to a corresponding date and time in the future, the new prices will be included in the route response. A workflow to compare toll prices would look like this:

  • A first call to calculateRoute requesting the route id and the toll results of interest. Live traffic cannot be predicted far in the future, so a comparison is more meaningful with options[trafficMode]=AVERAGE.
  • A second call to calculateRoute using the previously retrieved route id with options[tollTime] set to a date and time after the new prices become valid.

Toll road distance

At the toll sections there are the fields officialDistance and calculatedDistance. The former is not always present in the data, therefore our service combines our own toll data as well as map provider data to determine the length of a section. The logic with which toll providers determine the official distance is not always known and furthermore not implemented in our product, hence the official distance and the calculated distance will differ.

The distance spent on toll roads can be aggregated by processing the distance fields of toll sections. Alternatively, you can process the field distanceFromStart of the toll events to accumulate the toll road distance.

Currency conversion

By default the toll prices are returned in their domestic currencies. The response will be extended with the converted toll prices in the currency of your choice by specifying it in the request. The exchange rates to perform the conversion are updated on a daily basis and the currencies object contains more information about the used exchange rates.

See also the toll concept for the Matrix Routing API.

Recent changes in the European Union

Since the end of the year 2023 two new vehicle parameters are relevant for toll calculation in several European countries (e.g., Austria and Germany) with the implementation of the 2022 version of the Directive 1999/62/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council on the charging of heavy goods vehicles for the use of certain infrastructures.

  1. The co2EmissionClass: As specified in Article 7ga of the above mentioned directive, vehicles with high CO₂ emissions shall pay a higher toll compared to vehicles with low CO₂ emissions.
  2. The totalTechnicallyPermittedWeight: It is a variant of the already existing totalPermittedWeight and in particular refers to the technically permitted weight, which is normally specified by the manufacturer. It is possible to register a vehicle with a legally permitted weight (which we refer to with the vehicle parameter totalPermittedWeight) smaller than the technically permitted weight. For example, in Germany often vehicles with a technically permitted weight of a bit more than 3.5t are registered with a legally permitted weight of just 3.5t; this procedure is also called "Ablasten" in German. On the one hand, the maximum allowed payload is smaller, on the other hand there are some benefits like the vehicle can be driven with a normal driver's license or it is allowed to use roads that are closed for trucks. Up to 2023 there was another benefit since the smaller legally permitted weight was also relevant for tolls, but with the implementation of the above mentioned EU directive the technically permitted weight becomes relevant instead.

    The European Union Council Directive 1999/37/EC on the registration documents for vehicles specifies three different variants of permissible laden mass (which we call "permitted weight"):

    • (F.1) maximum technically permissible laden mass
    • (F.2) maximum permissible laden mass of the vehicle in service in the Member State of registration (optional)
    • (F.3) maximum permissible laden mass of the whole vehicle in service in the Member State of registration (optional)

    Often these values are the same, and in this case it is sufficient to set one of the parameters totalPermittedWeight or totalTechnicallyPermitted weight to that value (see also the section on weight parameters of the concept on vehicle parameters). However, if they are different, F.1 can be set as totalTechnicallyPermittedWeight, and F.3 or F.2 as totalPermittedWeight. This allows that the correct total technically permitted weight is used for toll calculation and the different total (legally) permitted weight is used for other decisions like whether a road is closed or not. Note that the term "total" indicates that the permitted weight parameters always refer to the whole vehicle including all trailers.